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Town Split in Croatia

The town of Split is situated on a peninsula, at the foot of the Marjan Hill. It has a rich and turbulent history. It is famous for the Diocletian Palace and is the third busiest passenger port in the Mediterranean. Town Split in Croatia has been the administrative, commercial, transport, military and cultural center of Dalmatia throughout history. Its beginnings are connected to the building of the Diocletian Palace which, to this day, remains as one of the best preserved Roman palaces on the Mediterranean. It served as a refuge and shelter for local inhabitants when they were attacked from land or sea.

Emperor Diocletian palace

Roman Emperor Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus (236-316), native of Dioclea near Salona, was a common soldier who became emperor in 295. He was famous for his reforms of the Roman Empire, as well as notorious for persecution of Christians. Due to his illness, Diocletian abdicated the throne in 305 and moved into the palace that was built according to his wishes and specifications. The great walls of the Emperor Diocletian Palace (dimensions 175x181x216) had 4 big and 12 small forts. The palace had 4 main gates: the northern gate also known as the Golden Gate, eastern gate or the Silver Gate, western gate or the Iron Gate, and the southern sea gate or the Brass Gate. Emperor Diocletian Palace was constructed as a military camp (castrum), and it was divided into two parts - northern and southern. The streets known as decumanus (east-west) and cardo (north-south) separated the military security and logistics from the emperor's residence located closer to the sea. Wine, oil, fruit, vegetables, and other food and goods were transported from nearby islands, plains and fish ponds, and stored in the basement of the palace. The Emperor Diocletian Palace had the emperor's chambers on the upper floor. Emperor Diocletian died in 316 and the palace lost its vibrancy and significance. Consequently, many residents had to leave the palace that was now the property of Rome. Upon the attack and the subsequent destruction of Salona by the tribes of Slavs and Avars, local inhabitants fled to nearby Tragurium, the islands and the Diocletian Palace, and permanently settled there. After some time, the former buildings and rooms were redecorated and redefined, and during the 12th and the 13th century, Gothic style noblemen palaces, churches and bell towers were built.

UNESCO list of the world cultural heritage

Due to the fact, that the Diocletian Palace is the world's best preserved Roman palace, it was added to UNESCO List Of The World Cultural Heritage in the year 1979.This list is very important for the very palace and the town Split.

History of town Split

History of Split started in the antiquity and is very rich. The old Illyrians, Greek immigrants and later the Romans have lived here. History Of Town Split was truly turbulent, marked by numerous rulers and governments ranging from King Petar Kresimir IV to Habsburg Monarchy. They all inevitably influenced the town, its culture, architecture, economy, commerce and transport.


Present day Town Split In Croatia is modern, metropolitan, growing and developing rapidly, especially regarding maritime affairs, commerce and tourism. It is situated on a peninsula and is enclosed by the Marjan Hill and the mountains of Kozjak and Mosor. The town of Split was named after the plant Aspalathos (Greek) or Spiny Broom (Croatian: zukva, brnistra). The town changed its name several times through history. It was known as Aspalathos, Spalatos, Spalatum, Spalatro, Spalato and Spljet. Split covers an area of 80 km2 and has a population of 240,000.

Transit center of Dalmatia

Split is the largest town in Dalmatia and the second-largest town in the Republic of Croatia. Taking into account the transport of passengers, goods and vehicles, Split is the third busiest port in the Mediterranean behind Piraeus in Greece and Naples in Italy. Through the transit center of Dalmatia 1.500.000 passengers and 350.000 vehicles have passed through in the year 2010. It is also a prominent tourist destination. Split is the largest town in Dalmatia and the largest transit center of Dalmatia and on the Adriatic sea. The good connection with the land, high sea and the middle dalmatian islands, have enabled the large maritime passengers and goods transport in all the directions. Its position has also enabled its rapid growth in this province. Transit center of Dalmatia is known after its reach past, significant cultural monuments and the good tourist offer. Because of many passengers, guests and tourists which number is growing more and more,and are passing through the city, to continue to the numerous destinations, many hotels, villas, vacation houses, apartments and the restaurants have been built.

Split tourist center

Split tourist center is very important destination for the numerous passengers, guests and tourists who are passing through the: Airport, bus station, railway station, and the ferry boat harbor, to reach different destinations and the towns. Split tourist center enable anyone good vacation in the very town, or good transport conections to the numerous directions, islands and towns. Town Split In Croatia tourist center has many hotels, villas, vacation houses, apartments and the restaurants, so anyone can enjoy in this beautiful city.

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